Recent works that we’ve been doing since last few months.
Doe Adovor, Juan Estrada-Valle and Runsheng Yin (2009).
In this study, extension agents in Afghanistan were targeted. The study found that while the agents claim to have high knowledge of market extension and crop production methods, their actual knowledge, based on tests administered, was rather low.
Daniel Miller (2006).This paper provides background information on the challenges facing the development of research and extension systems in Afghanistan, introducing the concept of the Global Development Alliance.
A number of persons have been important to the research in this report, but special thanks goes to James Craft, the first Senior Telecom Advisor (STA) at the ARG, U.S. Embassy in Kabul and sponsor of the April-May 2006 trip to Afghanistan to collect the insights needed for the research and Ed Smith, ARG Chief of Staff, for his support of the activity.Jim’s insights, guidance, and support were a key to the success of the research effort. James Baker, the current STA, has continued to support our research effort.
The purpose of this report is to contribute to a greater understanding of the roles women and men play in the different stages of agriculture as well as other production and income-generating activities. Little research exists on gender roles within Afghanistan and the focus of much research and most programming is still the “household.” This focus often obscures intra-household gender relations and roles — crucial factors in determining access to, and control over, livelihood opportunities. As a result, not enough is known of the extent to which different men and women are able to access different livelihood opportunities, or the extent to which programmes may impact on women and men differently.
The sum of the various components of the Master Plan is designed to provide a 6 percent overall growth rate in the agricultural sector. Those will double farm incomes in 12 years. The pattern of growth provided is normally associated with no change or slight improvement in the distribution of rural income, because of the strong income and employment multipliers to the rural non-farm sector. Thus, total rural income will also double. If the urban sector absorbs all the rural population growth then rural per capita income doubles in that period. These seem unlikely with current, by world standards, very high rates of population growth. These figures were arrived at through rough extrapolation from the individual chapters, but are probably a reasonable estimate.
This paper draws from the limited sources that are available relating to agriculture and nutrition in Afghanistan. While there are a fair amount of agriculture programs and nutrition programs, currently there is a dearth of empirical evidence on the links (or disconnects) between agriculture and how it affects nutrition outcomes in this country.
This Public Nutrition Policy and Strategy was prepared by the MoPH Public Nutrition Department, with technical assistance from USAID/BASICS and in close collaboration with the Public Nutrition Policy and Strategy Revision Task Force, composed of representatives from the Public Nutrition Department, USAID/BASICS, FAO, Micronutrient Initiative, UNICEF, WFP, WHO and the World Bank.
Like many other food items, eggs are still imported into Afghanistan, mainly from Pakistan — despite high demand. In six months, the Baharak unit generated income of 200,000 AFN (US$ 4,032) and the Jurm unit made 194,000 AFN (US$ 3,911) from the sale of day-old chicks and eggs. With their earnings, the farmers have been able to buy locally manufactured incubators to further increase productivity.
The research paper reflects the work, ideas and generosity of many individuals and organizations both private and public and NGO’s. I offer my special gratitude to Kandahar Dairy Association, Dairy Producers, and UN-FAO, Central Statistics Office, Ministry of Agriculture and AISA regional offices. I also would like to thank AISA’s “CEO” his Excellency Wafiullah Iftikhar, Vice President on Investment Mr. Ibrahim Shams and Director of Research Plan and Policy Mr. Junaidullah Shahrani along with Mr. Abdullah Ludeen the Research Manager for their continuous support. In the meantime, I should express my appreciation to all colleagues in our directorate specially those who provided insightful comments and guidance throughout this study. Mr.Ahmad Zaki, Mr.Hanif Rostam, Dr.Fazal Rabi, who worked with me throughout this research in data collection, conducting surveys, on site and provincial visits. Last but not least, I am grateful of Syed Mabobuullah Rabani who also spent his valuable time proof reading this research paper.
The review is based on a comprehensive survey questionnaire sent to WHO Member States in July 2009 and the responses received up to November 2010 were included in the analysis. The responses were provided by the total of 119 countries and four territories, covering 81% of the world population.